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ERIC Number: ED403618
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Critical Review of Leech's (1983) Proposal about Politeness.
Tamada, Yutaka
In Japanese society, it is inevitable to use polite expressions in public. Adult Japanese must use polite expressions whenever they meet anybody for the first time. Hence, it is possible to say that all adult Japanese know the usage of politeness vaguely, but not clearly. It is because they learn it through socializing with others. An examination of the English usage of politeness helps to make politeness in Japanese a bit clearer, especially in light of G. N. Leech's theories about politeness. Leech proposes several maxims related to his revision of Grice's Cooperative Principle: (1) tact; (2) generosity; (3) approbation; (4) modesty; (5) agreement; and (6) sympathy. A detailed description of these maxims clarifies both their value and shortcomings. Some scholars feel that Leech has not been forthcoming in describing the process by which he arrived at these maxims and has not been clear about how they are connected. In addition, it may be that his maxims do not capture Japanese usage in any purposeful way. Japanese tend to observe approbation, modesty, and agreement over the other maxims because of their social customs and expectations. (TB)
Publication Type: Book/Product Reviews
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A