ERIC Number: ED403341
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
State Responses to Serious and Violent Juvenile Crime. Research Report.
Torbet, Patricia; And Others
State legislators across the country have responded with new efforts to change the authority and practice of the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Since 1992, 48 of the 51 state legislatures (including the District of Columbia) have made substantive changes to their juvenile justice laws. This report presents the first comprehensive analysis of these changes, as both an explanation of the reform process and a guide to those preparing new initiatives. Telephone surveys of justice practitioners in every state provided information about the changes that occurred as a result of new laws. Five common themes have emerged from the legislative analysis. The report is organized around these themes: (1) jurisdictional authority; (2) judicial disposition and sentencing authority; (3) correctional programming; (4) confidentiality of juvenile court records and proceedings; and (5) victims of juvenile crime. In general, justice for a subset of juveniles now involves increased eligibility for criminal, rather than juvenile, court processing and adult sanctions. The prosecutor is gaining an expanded role in system responses as the judge has less authority. These and other changes are expected to have considerable impact on minority youth. Each chapter contains references. (Contains 10 figures.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquent Prevention (Dept. of Justice), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Juvenile Justice, Pittsburgh, PA.