ERIC Number: ED403308
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
The Systematic Identification and Articulation of Content Standards and Benchmarks. Update.
Kendall, John S.; Marzano, Robert J.
The project described in this paper addresses the major issues surrounding content standards, provides a model for their identification, and applies this model to identify standards and benchmarks in subject areas. This update includes a revision of content standards and benchmarks published in earlier updates and the synthesis and identification of standards in new areas. Standards and benchmarks are provided for science, mathematics, history, geography, the arts, the language arts, and health. Also included are standards in thinking and reasoning and an analysis and description of knowledge and skills considered important for the workplace. Following an introduction, the second section presents an overview of the current efforts towards standards in each of these subject areas. Section 3 describes the technical and conceptual differences that have been apparent in the standards movement and the model adopted for this study. Section 4 presents key questions that should be addressed by schools and districts interested in a standards-based strategy. Section 5 describes the identification process, and Section 6 describes the format and citation strategy. Sections 7 through 17 provide the standards and benchmarks for 11 separate areas. (Contains 83 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Art, Benchmarking, Course Content, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Geography Instruction, Health Education, History Instruction, Identification, Language Arts, Mathematics Education, Science Education, Standards, Thinking Skills
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Continent Regional Educational Lab., Aurora, CO.