ERIC Number: ED403106
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality: A Brief History of the Education of Dominated Cultures in the United States.
This book provides background for understanding contemporary issues and problems in multicultural education by examining the history of education of four dominated groups in the United States: Native Americans, African Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Mexican Americans. The book focuses on three concepts: deculturalization--attempts to strip away the cultures of conquered peoples and replace them, through education, with European American culture; segregation; and resistance and activism by dominated cultures in response to deculturalization and segregation. Chapter 1 outlines the history of education of Native Americans, including early federal Indian education policies; the Civilization Fund Act of 1819, which supported missionary schools; the success of Cherokee and Choctaw tribal educational systems; the development of reservations and boarding schools; and the Meriam Report. Chapter 2 discusses the colonization and Americanization of Puerto Rico, public school practices to build loyalty to the United States, and Puerto Rican resistance. Chapter 3 examines Black education during slavery and the Reconstruction Era; segregation of public schools to reconcile southern Whites and as a means of maintaining an inexpensive source of labor; and resistance to segregation by W. E. B. DuBois, a founder of the NAACP. Chapter 4 describes the treatment of Mexicans in conquered Mexican territories, the great Mexican immigration during the early 1900s, development of segregated schools with English-only policies, and support for bicultural bilingual education by LULAC (League of United Latin American Citizens). Chapter 5 discusses educational aspects of the Great Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s-70s; effects on the four minority groups; and development of bilingual, ethnocentric, and bicultural education. Contains references and an index. (SV)
Descriptors: Acculturation, American Indian Education, American Indians, Black Education, Blacks, Boarding Schools, Civil Rights, Educational History, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Immigration, Mexican American Education, Mexican Americans, Puerto Ricans, Resistance (Psychology), School Desegregation, School Segregation
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Publication Type: Books; Historical Materials; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A