ERIC Number: ED403102
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1997-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Perspectives on Rural Child Care. ERIC Digest.
Beach, Betty A.
This digest reviews findings about the nature of rural child care and suggests implications for practitioners and policymakers. Rural families experience child care differently from urban ones on a number of counts. Center-based care is less available to rural children, and rural day care centers tend to be of lower quality in terms of teacher training and salaries and state oversight and regulation. Nearly 75 percent of rural children are cared for in informal arrangements provided by friends, relatives, and siblings. Family child care in rural states is frequently unregulated or little regulated. Potential strengths of rural child care involve community connectedness and support, which may provide young children with important funds of social capital and may create a more stable child care system in rural settings. Challenges to rural child care practitioners include basic logistical concerns of geographic isolation, lack of transportation, and limited resources, as well as the downside of community involvement--the gossip network. Public policy and legislation tend to have an urban bias, involving excessive demands for paperwork, inflexible eligibility requirements, and overly stringent professional qualifications. New rural approaches to service delivery are needed, such as those involving home-based visiting options and delivery of training and information via telecommunications. Contains 20 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Children, Community Relations, Day Care, Day Care Centers, Family Day Care, Interpersonal Relationship, Public Policy, Rural Areas, Rural Family, Rural Urban Differences, Social Science Research, Working Poor
ERIC/CRESS, P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325-1348 (free).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Charleston, WV.