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ERIC Number: ED403092
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Integrating Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment.
Sappier, Teresa A.
The S.A.C.K. Alignment Model integrates curriculum, instruction, and multiple assessments with the cultural and learning experiences of students. This model illustrates how prior cultural and learning experiences can be linked to state-mandated content and performance standards. S.A.C.K. is an acronym for skills, affects/attitudes, concepts, and knowledge. The model is based on students acquiring simple skills and progressing to more complex skills in each area. For example, students move from simple sets of sensory input to more complex emotions, from attitude formations developing from sensory input to more complex patterns of thought, from basic concepts related to the activity or topic to more sophisticated ideas, and from simple knowledge (rote memory) to more complex integrated learning. This process requires sensory input, processing, retrieval, and application. Applicable assessment techniques include scoring rubrics that require multiple levels of understanding, benchmarks that reflect progress toward meeting standards, and criteria that determine when standards have been met. To illustrate how this model works, the report describes the process involved in integrating a Native American cultural activity with required state curriculum content and standards. Teachers identified the processes required for making a grass basket and aligned their ideas with the four areas of the model: skills, affects/attitudes, concepts, and knowledge. The cultural activity was then linked to state content standards related to biology, science, and mathematics. Teachers selected appropriate teaching strategies and assessment techniques for the learning activity. Contains recommendations for implementing the model and tables representing how the grass basket making activity was integrated with curriculum standards. (LP)
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, Cultural Activities, Culturally Relevant Education, Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, Learning Processes, Learning Strategies, Models, Prior Learning, Scoring Rubrics, Student Development
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Alaska Comprehensive Regional Assistance Center, Anchorage.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Indian Education Association (Rapid City, SD, October 12-16, 1996).