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ERIC Number: ED403069
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Teacher as a Researcher.
Syrjala, Leena
Self-evaluation requires teachers to have an ability to systematically reflect on their own pedagogical activities; action research supports and helps teachers in this process. This article explores the use of action research by teachers to improve both their own expertise and their educational environment. The article begins with a discussion of teacher education in Finland, describing the transition from a "training paradigm" in which teachers are seen as users rather than producers of knowledge, to a paradigm that emphasizes reflection by teachers and an inquiring culture in education. It next describes the development of the idea of teachers as researchers during the past 40 years, including the theories of Lawrence Stenhouse, the need to emancipate teachers'"voices" from school authorities, the expanding collaboration between teachers and researchers, and the recent growth in Finland in its role in teacher education. Following is a description of characteristics of action research, such as its four elements (action, reflection, retrospection and prospection); four categories of teacher research (journals, oral inquiries, classroom studies, essays); and Altrichter's (1993) six principles of action research. Last, the significance of action research for professional development, as a strategy of change in educational institutions, and as a production of new knowledge in education and learning, is explored. Contains 32 references. (EV)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland