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ERIC Number: ED403061
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
How Can We as Parents and Educators Foster Metacognitive Development?
Kovac-Cerovic, Tunde
This Yugoslavian study aimed to describe the ways in which mothers are (or are not) using the opportunity, created by interacting with their children on tasks which are in the child's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), to foster the child's metacognitive development. The underlying assumption of this study on metacognition is derived from the Vygotskian conception of development. The mechanism of metacognitive development is seen as internalization, proceeding from other-regulation or joint regulation to self-regulation. It occurs in adult-child interactions in the Zone of Proximal Development, in the course of which the adult is expected to gradually hand over metacognitive control to the child. Subjects for the study were 42 children ages 7 and 8 years, and their mothers. Metacognitive development was assessed through several methods, including a meta-memory interview (MMI), guessing game, forbidden colors game, and text underlining task (children completed these games and tasks independently and with their mothers). Complex correlations between variables related to metacognitive development and to mother-child interaction, revealed that mother-child interaction had affected the children's metacognitive development by age 7 or 8, and that features of the interaction which have the greatest impact on development can be clearly encompassed in the Vygotskian framework. Results also showed, however, that metacognitive regulation (especially planning and checking) was not made transparent for the child by the mother, leading to the conclusion that development of independent thinking is not stressed, possibly because of authoritarian cultural attitudes. (Concludes with a description of a proposed intervention program for metacognitive development. Contains 33 references.) (EV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Yugoslavia