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ERIC Number: ED402973
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Mar-6
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Community College Models: Myths and Realities of Access and Equality.
Raby, Rosalind Latiner
The community college model was developed in response to the inability of universities to meet economic needs and the demand for higher education. Configurations of this model include multipurpose institutions, combing academic, pre-university, technical, remedial, and continuing education; specialized orientations, offering 2 to 3 years of technical or occupational programs; a binary approach that bridges upper-secondary, postsecondary, college, and/or university education; and approaches that focus on life-long learning. Four characteristics of the community college model are that they exist between upper secondary and university education, they accentuate short-term career or personal development, they are not highly regarded, and they embody the ideal that low costs increase accessibility and economic democracy. For decades, developed and developing countries have used post-secondary education reform to counter socio-economic inequities. Two avenues for reform involve the relationship between community colleges and international development and the role of colleges as catalysts for reform. With respect to international development, however, problems exist with exporting the community college model, including financial considerations, academic considerations related to standards, and issues of cultural colonialism. With respect to the colleges as catalysts for reform, the struggle remains to implement an educational system that recognizes and endorses a multi-ethnic, multicultural society. Such an effort is currently being undertaken in both South Africa and California, although California's efforts are jeopardized by tight budgets, rising student fees, part-time instructor layoffs, and reduced class offerings. Contains 45 endnotes. (HAA)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; South Africa