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ERIC Number: ED402824
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Pages: 52
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Department Chair Stress in Australia and the United States. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
Gmelch, Walter H.; And Others
A three-phase study examined department chair stress as a multidimensional construct with links to multiple variables and consisting of three phases: American, Australian, and cross-cultural. In this study of the third-phase, researchers conducted cross-cultural comparisons of department chair stress factors, perceptions, and consequences using the data sets generated in the study's previous two phases. Study findings indicate that the personal and professional profile of Australian department chairs resembles that of their United States counterparts. In this cross-cultural study, each of the reported stress dimensions (faculty role, administrative relationship, role ambiguity, perceived expectations, and administrative task) reflects a different pattern of influence. For example, the administrative relationships dimension is more stressful for Australian chairs while Americans suffer greater pressure from administrative task stress. As a result, macro-level strategies must vary by country and ultimately by institution. Further, national differences such as the recent national consolidation of institutions in Australia also may cause different stresses on chairs than those in the U.S. Department chair stress comes in many forms and is influenced by multiple sources with different strategies required for the separate dimensions of stress in order to make a more manageable environment for department chairs. (Contains 76 references.) (JLS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia