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ERIC Number: ED402747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Pragmatic Analysis of English Passives in Second Language Acquisition.
Jung, Woo-hyun
A study investigated Koreans' use and misuse of the English passive, from a pragmatic perspective, with attention to the possible source of errors. Subjects were 200 college students at two universities in Korea who were English majors or minors or taking English as an elective course, divided equally between sophomores and juniors. The subjects wrote argumentative essays in English about one of two scientific topics selected to elicit passive usage. Essays were analyzed for pragmatic errors in use of the passive, either discourse functional errors (violation of role prominence or violation of defocusing) or emotional functional errors related to the Korean prevalence of the emotional function of the passive. Results indicate that more emotional than functional discourse errors occurred, suggesting negative transfer, and that despite the relative similarity of the discourse functions in Korean and English, Korean learners did make discourse functional errors, possibly due to erroneous assumptions about the English passive and active voices and possibly due to the sociocultural factor of prestige. There also appeared to exist a hierarchy of acceptability of pragmatic errors. Contains 9 references. The essay writing assignment is appended. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A