ERIC Number: ED402720
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Inclusion: An Essential Guide for the Paraprofessional: A Practical Reference Tool for All Paraprofessionals Working in Inclusionary Settings.
Hammeken, Peggy A.
This guide for paraprofessionals offers practical guidelines for assisting in inclusive classrooms. The guide presents an overview of the special education system and an assortment of strategies and ideas to implement in the general classroom environment. An introduction explains the philosophy of inclusion and differentiates it from mainstreaming. Chapter 1 briefly discusses inclusion practices and their benefits. Chapter 2 presents an overview of special education with sections on student placement, specific handicapping conditions, the roles of the various members of the multidisciplinary team, and the necessity for confidentiality. Chapter 3 focuses on the paraprofessional's role and responsibilities, with sections on scheduling and regular communication with parents and teachers. Chapter 4 considers the working relationship between the paraprofessional and the general education teacher and covers the classroom environment, principles of working with students, and different forms of classroom instruction. Chapter 5 briefly considers types of instructional modifications for students with disabilities. Chapter 6 discusses modification strategies in depth, such as modifying textbooks and daily assignments in written language, spelling, and mathematics. This chapter also describes ways to modify the learning environment; enhance the student's organizational skills; adapt directions; and deal with large group instruction, classroom assessment, and behavior and attention difficulties. An appendix includes 17 reproducible forms to assist with inclusive schooling. A glossary defines common special education terms. (DB)
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Classroom Environment, Classroom Techniques, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools, Individualized Instruction, Paraprofessional School Personnel, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Special Education, Staff Role, Teacher Aides, Teaching Methods, Teamwork
Peytral Publications, P.O. Box 1162, Minnetonka, MN 55345; telephone: 612-949-8707; fax: 612-906-9777 ($19.95).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A