ERIC Number: ED402685
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1997
Research Roundup, v13 n2 Win 1996-97
Principals today are expected to maximize their schools' performances with limited resources while also adopting educational innovations. This synopsis reviews five recent publications that offer some important insights about the nature of principals' leadership strategies: (1) "Leadership Styles and Strategies" (Larry Lashway); (2) "Facilitative Leadership: How Principals Lead without Dominating" (David T. Conley and Paul Goldman); (3) "Symbols and Symbolic Activity" (Terrence E. Deal); (4) "The Leadership Paradox: Balancing Logic and Artistry in Schools" (Terrence E. Deal and Kent D. Peterson); and (5) "Forceful Leadership and Enabling Leadership: You Can Do Both" (Robert E. Kaplan). Lashway reviews the recent literature on leadership styles and strategies, and concludes that effective leadership is built on three basic strategies: hierarchical, transformational, and facilitative. Conley and Goldman describe the rationale behind facilitative leadership, offering a candid discussion of its advantages and disadvantages. Deal discusses strategies that emphasize the leader's role as a manager of meaning, suggesting ways in which to build a school culture that will invite loyalty and commitment. Deal and Peterson offer a prescription for reconciling and integrating the multiple demands of technical leadership and symbolic leadership. Kaplan discusses "forceful" and "enabling" strategies, describing the problems that result when leaders fail to keep a balance. (LMI)
Descriptors: Administrator Characteristics, Administrator Responsibility, Administrator Role, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Leadership, Leadership Qualities, Leadership Styles, Organizational Climate, Principals
Educational Products, NAESP, 1615 Duke Street, Alexandria, VA 22314-3483 ($2.50, single copy; $2 each on orders of 10 or more).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; ERIC Publications; Reference Materials - Bibliographies
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Alexandria, VA.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.