ERIC Number: ED402646
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Office for Civil Rights: Ensuring Equal Access to Quality Education.
Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.
The Office for Civil Rights (OCR), in the U.S. Department of Education, is a law enforcement agency. It is charged with enforcing the federal civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, and age in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance. These laws are as follows: (1) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (prohibiting race, color, and national origin discrimination); (2) Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (prohibiting sex discrimination); (3) Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (prohibiting disability discrimination); (4) Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (prohibiting age discrimination); and (5) Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (prohibiting disability discrimination by public entities, whether or not they receive federal assistance). This brochure briefly describes the application of the laws to educational institutions, students, and employees; the conditions under which the OCR receives discrimination complaints by the public; how the OCR resolves complaints and carries out compliance reviews; the availability of OCR technical assistance; the impact of the civil-rights laws; and the civil rights challenges ahead. (LMI)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.