ERIC Number: ED402484
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
A Schooling and Employment Profile of Immigrant and Native Youth: 1970-1990.
Quigley, Denise D.
Over the last 30 years, the demographic picture of youth in the United States has changed as a result of the "immigrant boom." The percentage of youth who are immigrants has increased, and the bulk of them have been in the United States from 1-5 years, are aged 20-24, and are male. The educational make-up of the youth population has also changed: (1) the number of immigrants enrolled in secondary schools over the last 30 years has increased; (2) the share of school leavers who are immigrants will decrease in the near future but remain a large share of the youth population; (3) natives with immigrant parents are a sizable percentage of the student population; (4) this large portion of immigrants enrolled in secondary schools translates into an increase in noncollege-bound immigrants; and (5) immigrants suffer from severe grade delay and are heavily concentrated in a few areas of the country. Labor force participation increased for all three groups of youth--native born, recent immigrant, and other immigrant. Native and other immigrant youth tend to "mature" in terms of labor market participation at the age of 23, whereas recent immigrants "mature" at age 19. The bulk of 16-19 year-old natives and immigrant youth, who have been in the United States longer than 5 years, are both in the labor force and enrolled in school, and the bulk of 16-21 year-old recent immigrants who are in the labor force are working but not in school. (Contains 10 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.