ERIC Number: ED402366
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Community Connection with Education: Macroecology of Educational Outcomes. Spotlight on Student Success No. 107.
The changing makeup of cities apparently accounts for much of the failure of the educational system in the United States. An ecological model of the educational process suggests that it is possible to distinguish salient characteristics of the social arrangements within which schools are embedded as a means of understanding educational outcomes and identifying support services for change. Using data from 53 cities, drawn from economic, population, and government census data, this report analyzes city characteristics that have impacts on education. The major change in contemporary American cities has been the shift away from a manufacturing economy. Data demonstrate that the more decentralized a city is, the higher the level of instructional expenditure and the heavier the economic burden on the taxpayer. Decentralization is a significant correlate of, and may be causally linked to, fiscal distress. The city dropout rate tends to be higher in cities that retain a high manufacturing base and in which the African American population is large. There is also a substantial correlation between female-headed households and both the dropout level and the level of manufacturing. Findings suggest that the macroecological framework yields significant insights into the externals that affect education in the urban environment. Three related publications are listed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Blacks, Census Figures, Community Involvement, Decentralization, Dropout Rate, Ecological Factors, Educational Change, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Outcomes of Education, Urban Areas, Urban Problems
Mid-Atlantic Laboratory for Student Success, 9th Floor, Ritter Hall Annex, 13th Street and Cecil B. Moore Ave., Philadelphia, PA 19122; phone: 1-800-892-5550; e-mail: email@example.com; http://www.temple.edu/departments/LSS.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Mid-Atlantic Lab. for Student Success, Philadelphia, PA.