ERIC Number: ED402349
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr-8
Arithmetic Story Grammar: Using Literary Devices To Analyze and Categorize Story Problems.
Gilbert, Steven K.
The concept of Arithmetic Story Grammar is introduced. Arithmetic Story Grammar maintains that any equation containing a single operand tells, in and of itself, a complete story with a setting, plot, theme, and resolution. Multiple-operand equations differ from their single-operand siblings only in the number of actions undertaken and the number of themes. There are similarities between reading and mathematics that make extending the use of story grammar beyond the reading of graphemic text and into mathematical story problems and ideographic script. A conceptual model of single-operand equation is introduced that roots itself in literary analysis. Research has found that familiarity with syntax and semantics facilitates comprehension and mathematical problem solving. Instruction in story grammar provides positive effects on the comprehension of stories. Only one study has been located regarding story grammar and mathematics. The study's results were inconclusive, but the approach seems promising for enhancing problem solving. A taxonomy of mathematical story genres is presented, based on the analysis of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division in single-operand stories and equations. (Contains 1 table, 4 figures, and 65 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).