ERIC Number: ED402192
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Sep
Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1996.
National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
In an increasingly global economy, making full use of all of the United States' human resources is essential to successful international competition, world leadership in science and engineering, and an improved quality of life. However, some groups--women, minorities, and persons with disabilities--are still underrepresented in science and engineering. This report presents data on participation of underrepresented groups in science and engineering and documents factors important to success in those areas in precollege, undergraduate, and graduate education, and employment. The data and analyses presented here can be used to track progress, inform development of policies to increase participation in science and engineering, and evaluate the effectiveness of such policies. Chapter 2 focuses on precollege mathematics and science education including science and mathematics achievement, course taking, attitudes toward science and engineering, and school differences in curricula, resources, activities, and teacher qualifications. Chapter 3 examines undergraduate education as preparation both for careers and for graduate education. It presents data on trends in enrollment and degrees in 2- and 4-year colleges and universities, characteristics of first-year students, and financial support. It also discusses attrition and characteristics of undergraduate environments that are conducive to retention of women, minorities, and students with disabilities. Chapter 4 addresses graduate enrollment, degrees, and financial support. It presents data on trends in enrollment and degrees, primary source of support in graduate school, time to completion of a Ph.D., and post-doctoral fellowships. Chapter 5 examines employment patterns including unemployment, underemployment, full- and part-time employment, and employment by field and sector. It also examines career patterns and attrition out of science and engineering and focuses separately on academic and nonacademic employment. (JRH)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Employment Projections, Engineering, Enrollment Trends, Females, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Science Careers, Sciences, Student Attrition
National Science Foundation, 4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230.
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.
Note: Supercedes ED 389 522 (NSF-94-333).