ERIC Number: ED402059
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Differential Impact of a Comprehensive Early Intervention Program on the Level of Support Received by African-American and White Adolescent Mothers.
Samples, Faith L.
This study was a secondary analysis of data from the Prenatal/Early Infancy Project (PEIP), a randomized clinical trial of nurse home visits for socially disadvantaged families in a semi-rural community in upstate New York. A sample of 141 primiparous women between 13 and 21 years, unmarried and from lower socioeconomic backgrounds, was selected from the PEIP data set for inclusion. Eighty-four percent of the mothers were White and 16 percent were Black. The control group consisted of families who received either infant developmental screening and referral only or free transportation to prenatal and well-child visits in addition to screening. The intervention group was comprised of families who received varying numbers of nurse home visits. Results of the analysis indicated that nurse-visited mothers were more likely than control group mothers to expect high levels of social support from significant others with child care and household chores. Black mothers in the control group reported more support for chores during pregnancy and in the postpartum period than did Black or White mothers in the nurse-visited group. Mothers in the treatment group more frequently reported being accompanied during labor and reported higher partner interest in their child at 6, 10, and 22 months than mothers in the control group. Black mothers in the nurse-visited group were more likely than other mothers to have consistent male partner interest over time. White mothers in the same group had higher expectations than other mothers for tangible support during intake and for experiencing more support during labor. (Contains 29 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York