ERIC Number: ED401980
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
English Reading Placement Recommendations at College of the Canyons: An Analysis of Disproportionate Impact.
A study was undertaken at California's College of the Canyons (CC) to determine whether evidence existed of disproportionate impact in English reading course placement based on student ethnicity, gender, or age. Data were compiled for all 4,312 students tested between spring 1993 and fall 1995, while the standard for disproportionate impact was taken from Equal Employment Opportunity Commission guidelines that the selection rate of any given subgroup should not be less than 80% of that of the majority group. At CC, students who score 16 out of 40 or higher on the English reading placement test are recommended to take associate degree-applicable English courses. Among the study sample, 79.3% (n=2,774) were recommended to take degree-applicable English reading courses. An analysis of the placements indicated some disproportionate impact by ethnic group, with the credit placement rate for Asian students only 77% and that for Black students only 61.4% of the rate for White students. No evidence of disproportionate impact was found, however, for either gender or age, with the rate for females 92.8% that of males. Based on findings it was recommended that follow-up investigations be conducted to determine reasons for the disproportionate impact and that efforts be made to ensure that all students take appropriate tests. (AJL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA. Office of Institutional Development.