ERIC Number: ED401830
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Faculty Turnover. Staff Working Paper 95-34.
Brown, Byron W.; Woodbury, Stephen A.
The percentage of new assistant professor appointments who are women has lagged behind that of new women Ph.D.s. Additionally, the percentage of women promoted to associate and full professor has lagged behind that of those appointed assistant professor. The explanation offered for this slow progress of women in academe has been that faculty women have higher rates of voluntary turnover than do faculty men. This study tested that assumption by examining personnel records of all faculty at Michigan State University from 1981 through 1990, especially the 3,252 cases of faculty separations. The records gave information on individual characteristics of each faculty member including gender, birth year, salary, the faculty member's appointment status, and the reason for termination of appointment. The study found that tenure system faculty women and men had essentially the same low separation rates, while temporary faculty women and men had essentially the same high separation rates. Fewer than a quarter of all faculty men held temporary appointments as compared with nearly half of all faculty women. The annual separation rate of temporary faculty was about five times the annual separation rate of tenure system faculty. The study concludes that the disproportionate number of women with temporary appointment status accounts for the fact that faculty women have a higher turnover than faculty men. (PRW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.