ERIC Number: ED401821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Systems Approach to Strategic Planning and Its Implications to Higher Education. [Draft.]
Shires, Michael A.
This paper provides the framework and context for a systems approach to planning, detailed descriptions of specific steps in the planning process, conclusions, and questions for consideration when executing strategic planning in higher education. The analysis is based on the work of James T. Ziegenfuss, Jr. in his book "Designing Organizational Futures: A Systems Approach to Strategic Planning with Cases for Public and Non-Profit Organizations." The systems model for strategic planning for public agencies presented includes the following steps: (1) planning to plan; (2) internal assessment--institutional scanning; (3) external assessment, environmental scanning; (4) developing a vision; (5) matching the vision to the present; (6) developing strategies; (7) developing and implementing programs; and (8) updating and maintaining the program. Planning steps for higher education are seen to be essentially the same. The role and leadership of the college or university president to the planning process is stressed as is the need for a concerted effort at the highest levels of the planning effort to make certain that the information provided by the subunits is complete and representative. The report also notes that it is unlikely that the planning process will be able to adequately address all the environmental forces shaping the university, and the university may wish to consult with an outside agency. (MAH)
Descriptors: Cooperative Planning, Educational Planning, Environmental Scanning, Higher Education, Long Range Planning, Models, Organizational Development, Planning, Public Sector, Strategic Planning, Systems Approach, Teamwork
RAND, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Inst. on Education and Training.