ERIC Number: ED401722
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Gender Differences in Conveying Embarrassing Information: Examples in Turkish.
Dogancay-Aktuna, Seran; Kamisli, Sibel
This study examined discourse strategies used by males and females to convey embarrassing information to interlocutors of unequal status and unspecified gender. Subjects were 80 native speakers of Turkish (28 males, 52 females), from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds and geographic areas. Data were derived from a written discourse completion test and a background questionnaire. Test responses were analyzed for semantic and syntactic formulas used and variation in sociolinguistic norms in relation to speaker's gender and social status relative to the other interlocutor. Results suggest it is not so much gender but relative status of the interlocutors that influences choice of semantic formula. Males and females showed similar sociolinguistic behavior in their social status groups rather than in their gender groups in carrying out a face-threatening speech act in Turkish, indicating social status to be a more influential factor than gender on language use in this act. Implications for communication and language instruction are examined, emphasizing that the interaction of sociolinguistic variables that may constrain social interaction should not be oversimplified. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Comparative Analysis, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, Interpersonal Communication, Language Tests, Language Usage, Native Speakers, Questionnaires, Semantics, Sex Differences, Social Status, Sociocultural Patterns, Sociolinguistics, Speech Acts, Syntax, Turkish, Uncommonly Taught Languages
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Linguistics (11th, Jyvlaskia, Finland, April 4-9, 1996).