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ERIC Number: ED401585
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov-23
Pages: 37
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Childbirth and Infant Development Knowledge Gaps and "Reverse Gaps": When Books Are Not Enough.
O'Leary, Joann; Gaziano, Cecilie
The knowledge gap hypothesis predicts that infusions of information into an environment will lead to stronger relationships between education and knowledge for higher socioeconomic (SES) segments of the population, and ultimately, a relative gap between higher and lower SES groups. The hypothesis usually focuses on mass media but is also relevant to small groups and one-to-one communication. In two studies, new parents' infant development knowledge was the focus. Two self-selected groups were examined--123 less educated first-time mothers from Belfast, Northern Ireland, and a more advantaged group of 117 mothers and fathers in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Variables were formal education, 2 modified Brazelton demonstrations of infants' abilities (face-to-face or small group), experience with babies, and interpersonal networks of friends and relatives. Among both groups, knowledge gaps tended to close or even reverse over about 2 months' time. The Brazelton interventions were effective among the less educated in decreasing knowledge differentials. Knowledge gaps based on experience also tended to narrow, but gaps widened between men and women. Largest inequities observed were those between parents who received a modified Brazelton demonstration on either a small group or individual level (or both) and those who did not have this intervention. Exposure to a form of the Brazelton contributed to decreased knowledge differentials; exposure to both forms nearly closed education-based gaps. (Contains 4 figures and 4 tables of data, 15 notes, and 65 references.) (Author/NKA)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota (Minneapolis); United Kingdom (Belfast)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Brazelton Neonatal Assessment Scale