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ERIC Number: ED401514
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-May
Pages: 101
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Usefulness of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in the Diagnosis of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Hooper, Elleen
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent of the childhood behavioral disorders, yet is widely misunderstood and often difficult to correctly diagnose. Using a neuropsychological framework, this study explored the usefulness of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in the diagnosis of ADHD. A sample of 90 children ages 6-12 were divided into four diagnostic groups: (1) pure ADHD; (2) ADHD with a learning disability (ADHD/LD); (3) a clinical group with a diagnosis other than ADHD and/or learning disability; and (4) a control group of normals. Significant group main effects were revealed for the WISC-III Intelligence Quotient (IQ) scores (Full Scale IQ, Verbal IQ, and Performance IQ) and factor based scores (Verbal Comprehension Index, Perceptual Organization Index, Freedom of Distractibility Index, and Processing Speed Index (PSI)) with no age main effects or Age X Group interactions revealed. The ADHD group performed significantly poorer than the control group on all WISC-III IQ scores and on all the factor based scores except PSI. Other results are presented and discussed, and recommendations are made for future research. Contains 82 references, 17 figures and tables. (Author/RB)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Wisconsin Card Sorting Test