ERIC Number: ED401502
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Models of Adolescent Transition. ERIC Digest.
Borgen, William A.; Amundson, Norman E.
Rapid and escalating changes in labor market and post-secondary educational opportunities challenge adolescents to meet their personal and career needs. A recent study found that young people left high school unprepared for current career realities and that both the career and personal areas of the lives were in a state of change and uncertainty. Approximately 9 and 18 months following graduation, depression, self-esteem, and anxiety were correlated with a range of perceived problems. The study suggests a need for a broader view of career counseling; counseling which recognizes the developmental needs of young people, the influence of social and economic changes, and the importance of basing intervention strategies on personal and career competence. One way to address these concerns is the use of a competence model, which contains eight areas of competence: (1) purpose; (2) problem solving; (3) communication skills; (4) theoretical knowledge; (5) applied knowledge; (6) organizational adaptability; (7) human relations skills; and (8) self-confidence. Counselor strategies, such as developing multiple plans, can also help in youth development. Overall, career counseling needs to encompass a greater range of issues, should recognize that personal and career issues are intertwined, and encourage families and friends to form a strong base for support in transition periods. (RJM)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Awareness, Career Counseling, Career Development, Career Education, Career Guidance, Careers, Foreign Countries, Individual Development, Post High School Guidance, Prevocational Education, School Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Social Development, Student Development, Vocational Interests
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.; Canadian Guidance and Counselling Foundation, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada