ERIC Number: ED401498
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Counseling Career Drifters. ERIC Digest.
Cahill, Mildred; Martland, Sandra
Although persistent career change is generally seen as a negative, today's economic reality may force counselors to look differently at clients who move from job to job. This digest summarizes a 3-year study of career drifters and discusses the significance of this study for career counseling. Research identified drifters as individuals who completed high school, who had been out of secondary school for at least 4 years, and who made at least three voluntary changes in either schooling, jobs, or a combination of the two. the literature suggests five types of career drifters: (1) personal/psychological; (2) drifters by necessity; (3) drifters by occupation; (4) multipotential (those reluctant to commit to one career); and (5) questers who have their own definitions of success. The study examined personal aspirations, the meaning of work, the influence of community and family, level of dependency, quester characteristics, person/environment congruency, experience with work, and self-efficacy. Many of these factors were not useful in explaining drifting patterns. Instead, drifting seemed more related to the lack of stable occupational opportunities and other factors. While some drifters have career and job anxiety, others change courses for positive reasons. The implications of these findings for career counselors are discussed. (RJM)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Non-Classroom; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.; Canadian Guidance and Counselling Foundation, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada