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ERIC Number: ED401418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-May
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Adult Retraining in Canada: Some Issues.
Kim, Ki Su
Canada has traditionally supported a high level of unemployment benefits and retraining programs for its displaced workers. From the 1960s onward, legislation and attitudes in the business community have been geared toward retraining of workers for high-tech workplaces and the replacement of low-skill jobs with high-skill jobs. With increased globalization of industries, businesses found that they needed fewer numbers of highly trained workers. Downsizing and restructuring resulted in high rates of unemployment. At the same time, increasing pressure to reduce the national deficit and a swing toward more probusiness policies under the Mulroney government resulted in less support for unemployed persons and less money for retraining. Instead, emphasis was placed on quick reemployment at any available job in order to reduce the economic burden of worker support and training. Even budgeted funds that had been designated for the Canadian Job Strategy were not spent on retraining. As shown by the problems in the Nova Scotia fishing industry, however, even when retraining efforts were substantial, only about half the eligible workers took advantage of them. Those who were retrained were by and large younger, more educated, and male, whereas older, less educated workers and married women were less visible in retraining programs. These workers perceived that, even if they retrained, they were unlikely to gain employment in their own communities and were unwilling to move and to compete with younger, better-educated workers. These trends affect not only Canada but all countries when globalization is an ongoing phenomenon. (Contains 17 references.) (KC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada