ERIC Number: ED401407
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-May
"Learning Perspective" in the Asian Viewpoint.
A "schooling perspective" has become the foundation of the modern educational system. It portrays instruction-centered education in which the instructor is responsible for the success or failure of education. On the other hand, a "learning perspective" characterizes education as the learners' intentional activity to attain new knowledge, ways of thinking, and skill. The roots of the schooling perspective are grounded in the West and the roots of the learning perspective are grounded in Asia. State-directed schooling has been the predominant educational idea in the modern age. The foundational ideas of state-directed schooling can be traced to the ancient Greek and Christian culture. Despite differences between the educational viewpoints of Plato and Christianity, both are teacher oriented and teacher directed. The Asian educational viewpoints are mainly rooted in Confucianism and Buddhism. Asians put more value on learning than teaching. Limits of the schooling perspective are located in its subject (teacher) and object (student) dichotomy-based education that presupposes an unequal relationship between subject and object. The learning perspective could become an alternative framework for Western education based on these assumptions: it assumes human beings are learning animals, the purpose of learning is developed within the whole process of learners' lives, teaching exists for the sake of learning, teacher and learner are co-learners, and it respects learners' rights. (Contains 15 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Constitutive Interplay midst Discourse of East and West: Modernity & Postmodernity Renderings in Adult & Continuing Education; see CE 072 896.