ERIC Number: ED401247
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Do Teachers' Race, Gender, and Ethnicity Matter? Evidence from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988. RAND Reprints.
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; And Others
Industrial and Labor Relations Review, v48 n3 p547-561 Apr 1995
Data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988, were used in this study to show that the match between teachers' race, gender, and ethnicity and those of their students had little association with how much students learned, but that in several instances, the match seemed to have been a significant determinant of teachers' subjective evaluations of their students. For example, test scores of white female students in mathematics and science did not increase more rapidly when the teacher was also a white female than if the teacher was a white male. However, white female teachers evaluated their white female students more highly than did white male teachers. In this study, analyses of students' gain scores for each subject area are restricted to White, Black, and Hispanic students who were enrolled in public schools in both 8th and 10th grades, who took the same subject area tests, and for whom teacher characteristics, school variables, and parental survey responses were all present. Tables and discussions of them include: (1) mean 8th grade test scores by gender, race, and ethnicity, as well as mean adjusted gain scores by gender, race, and ethnicity of students between the 8th and 10th grades; (2) racial, ethnic, and gender distribution of 10th grade students, teachers, by student group and subject matter; (3) impact of 10th grade teachers' gender, race, and ethnicity on students' gain scores; (4) mean teacher subjective evaluation of students' scores by subject matter and gender, race, and ethnicity; and (5) impact of teachers' gender, race, ethnicity on their subjective evaluation of students. (Contains 17 references.) (JLS)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cultural Background, Ethnicity, Racial Factors, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Teachers, Sex, Student Evaluation, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Influence, Teacher Student Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA. Inst. on Education and Training.