ERIC Number: ED401109
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Dec
Retention of Minority Students in Engineering: Institutional Variability and Success.
Morrison, Catherine; And Others
NACME Research Letter, v5 n2 1995
Although the enrollment of minority freshmen in engineering has increased substantially during the last two decades, attrition has remained intractable. This document analyzes comparative data on the performance of institutions in retaining minority students through graduation. The objective of this effort was to identify characteristics of the most successful engineering schools and to explore the implications of those characteristics for all institutions. Two measures of retention are considered: the minority graduation rate and minority graduation rate relative to the nonminority graduation rate. These measures are then compared with institutional control, college cost, selectivity, number of engineering programs, and number of student support programs offered. Analysis indicated that the colleges and universities that have been most effective in graduating a significant percentage of their minority freshmen are the same institutions that enroll minorities as an extremely small fraction of each year's entering class. An analysis of the variables most highly correlated with retention suggested a distinct institutional climate conducive to minority retention. Three interrelated factors--high selectivity, private control, and high college cost--were most strongly associated with institutional success in retaining minority engineering students. (JRH)
Descriptors: College Students, Engineering, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Minority Groups, School Holding Power
National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME), 3 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001-2281 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, Inc., New York, NY.