ERIC Number: ED401108
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-May
Bridging the Ethnic and Gender Gaps in Engineering.
Campbell, George, Jr.
NACME Research Letter, v6 n1 1996
The substantial gender gap in the science and engineering professions becomes even greater from the perspective of women in underrepresented minority groups. This document analyzes data on university enrollment and graduation by both gender and ethnicity compiled by the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME). Findings indicate that engineering and physics persist as the most exclusively male-dominated among science-based disciplines and that minority women remain the most underrepresented group in engineering. Constituting 15% of the college-age population in 1994, minority women comprised only 2.2% of the bachelor's graduates and a mere 0.3% of the Ph.D.'s. In addition, freshman enrollment of minority women declined 12.1% between 1992 and 1994. Other findings include: major inhibiting factors begin very early in minority womens' educational experience and few graduate from high school with the necessary prerequisites to pursue engineering in college; minority women who perform well in mathematics and science disproportionately opt out of the pipeline before entering college; and those who go on to major in engineering have the highest attrition rate. It is concluded that failure to solve the attrition problem stems partially from an overemphasis on the student deficit model and underemphasis on institutional deficiencies. (JRH)
Descriptors: Engineering, Enrollment Trends, Ethnic Groups, Higher Education, Institutional Characteristics, Physics, Science Careers, Sciences, Sex Differences
National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering (NACME), 3 West 35th Street, New York, NY 10001-2281 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, Inc., New York, NY.