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ERIC Number: ED401034
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Oct
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Review of Four Preschool Programs: A Preschool Model That Works.
Shipley, Gay Lynn; Oborn, C. Stephen
The issue of program quality must be paramount on state educational agendas if the America 2000 preschool goal--that all children start school ready to learn--is to be attained. This paper describes four types of preschool programs (Project Head Start, Montessori, public preschools, and private day cares) and reviews the evidence on their effectiveness. First, Project Head Start's history, philosophy, and goals are discussed, as are the reasons for its popularity over the years. The paper next presents Montessori philosophy, goals, developmental theories, and curriculum, and distinguishes the approaches espoused by the Association Montessori International and the American Montessori Society. Then the paper examines the rationale for public school sponsorship of early childhood education; current state involvement in early education, as indicated by the preschool component of 1990 National Education Goals and the incorporation of preschool initiatives into state budgets; and the National Association for the Education of Young Children's research on quality indicators. Finally, the paper outlines the need for private child care; the range of programming options available; the difficulties in licensing; corporate and university day care; and state assistance provided to day care. Using this information, the paper recommends a model for public preschool programs that includes: (1) connections to service agencies to enhance family involvement; (2) effective teacher training; (3) attachment to existing public school buildings and interfaces with the elementary routine; and (4) curricular connections between preschool and kindergarten. (Contains 20 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A