ERIC Number: ED401019
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Role of Parent Expectations in the School Success of At-Risk Children.
Gill, Sukhdeep; Reynolds, Arthur J.
This study explored the relationship of parents' educational expectations to the academic achievement of inner-city children at risk of school failure. A group of 745 sixth-grade African American children, who had complete information on parent variables and child outcome measures, were selected from a larger data set from the Chicago Longitudinal Study investigating the academic adjustment of 1,539 children. These children from low-income families graduated from Chicago's government-funded kindergarten program in 1986, and were comparable to the original sample on sex, parent education, and socioeconomic status. Parents reported educational expectations for their children's future success on a 7-point Likert scale in 1990-1992, when children were in grade 4-6. Children reported their perceptions of parent expectations during the same period. The child outcome measures were reading and mathematics achievement scores on the Iowa Tests of Basic Skills measured in 1992. Results indicated that parent expectations were moderately correlated with children's educational achievement for math and reading. Parent expectations added significant variance to reading and math achievement. Children's perceptions of parent expectations also added significant variance to reading and math achievement. Parent expectations had a substantial direct effect on grade six reading and math achievement. Children's perceptions of parent expectations also had significant direct effect on both the outcomes. (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A