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ERIC Number: ED400995
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Cross-Cultural Study of Mother-Infant Interaction between Japan and Korea (4): Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Human Attachment Systems among Five Asian and Western Countries.
Fujinaga, Tamotsu; And Others
This study examined culture-specific attachment systems in Japan (including an Okinawan sample), Korea, China, United States, and the United Kingdom, using a questionnaire to measure the relative importance of various categories of interpersonal relations. Subjects were male and female university students and fathers and mothers of kindergarten children in five Asian and Western countries. The purpose of the questionnaire--which took into account beliefs about family relationships stemming from Confucian ethics present in East Asian people--was to determine a complex hierarchical structure by comparing the relative values of each attachment in a particular culture. Results indicated no cultural differences for 22 of the 38 attachment-related questions dealing with parent-child attachment and cross-sexual love. Asian subjects responded positively to questions regarding ancestor worship, whereas all Western subjects responded negatively. A cluster analysis using Ward's method revealed first-order boundaries between Asian and Western countries, between China and the Korea-Japan groups, and between the United States and Britain. There were second-order boundaries between parents versus students in each country. The distance between Japanese and Japanese Okinawan students was closer than that between Japanese students and Korean students, suggesting the greater influence of contemporary culture over historical cultural conditions. (The questionnaire is appended.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; Japan; South Korea; United Kingdom; United States