ERIC Number: ED400980
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Reference Count: N/A
Siblings, Parents, and Peers: A Longitudinal Study of Social Influences in Adolescent Risk for Alcohol Use and Abuse.
Conger, Rand D.; Reuter, Martha A.
Advances in Applied Developmental Psychology, v10 p1-30 1996
Early adolescent alcohol use and abuse has become a public health issue. Research studies indicate that early adolescent drinking may lead to emotional, social, and academic impairments, health and developmental problems, and even death. This study emphasized the need to better understand the predisposing triggers of adolescent alcohol use (especially factors that increase the child's probability of associating with antisocial peers) in order to identify effective prevention and intervention programs. The study proposed a social process model of adolescent drinking behavior, which focuses on factors within the family that promote deviant peer relations and specifically addresses the role of siblings in family risk factors. A 4-year investigation of 371 families found that there are important connections among sibling, parent, and target adolescent drinking behavior. Substance abuse problems among mothers had strong concurrent and delayed indirect influences on their adolescent children. Study findings also supported the theory that frequent and problematic drinking by siblings exacerbate the adolescent participant's tendency to drink. This influence was found to be concurrent in near-age siblings and indirect in terms of the target adolescent's selection of friends who drink. The study concluded that the abuse of alcohol by parents is only part of the total influence on an adolescent, and that the behavior of siblings is an important risk factor for adolescent drinking problems. (Contains 31 references.) (SD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A