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ERIC Number: ED400975
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Cross-Sectional Profile of Japanese Children's (Ages 8-13) Action-Control Beliefs.
Karasawa, Mayumi; And Others
This cross-sectional study examined Japanese children's action-related beliefs about school performance and compared them with comparable data available from studies of German, Russian, and American cultures. A total of 817 Japanese children aged 8 to 13 years completed the Control, Agency, and Means-Ends Interview (CAMI), which assesses general control expectancy, four self-related agency beliefs (effort, ability, luck, and teachers), and five causality-related means-ends beliefs (effort, ability, luck, teachers, and unknowns). The CAMI had shown strong cross-cultural validity, but it had not yet been validated with Japanese children. Academic performance was represented by the teachers' assigned math and Japanese language grades. The findings indicated that the original factor structure of the CAMI mostly fit the Japanese children; thus, there were many intercultural similarities in the CAMI constructs that were likely related to commonalities in teaching formats and beliefs about academic performance associated with formal schooling. However, there were differences in self-related agency beliefs that appear to stem from cultural influences specific to Japanese society. Specifically, Japanese children placed a higher relative emphasis on effort than ability than did children in other cultures. The belief in effort as a mean for academic success was quite strongly endorsed by the Japanese children, and this endorsement was stronger with older Japanese children than with younger. The correlation between agency effort and academic achievement in Japanese children was weaker in comparison to the relationship found in other Western cultures. The role of luck and the relationship between effort and ability evinced unique patterns in Japan. (Contains 20 references.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan