ERIC Number: ED400919
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
The Health Rationale for Family Planning: Timing of Births and Child Survival.
United Nations, New York, NY. Population Div.
Among the most influential findings from the World Fertility Survey (WFS) were those linking fertility patterns to child survival, in particular the findings concerning the high infant and child mortality for children born after a short birth interval. This study examined the relations between fertility and child survival based on more recent data from the United Nations Demographic and Health Surveys of 25 developing countries. In the first part of the study, tabular analysis was used to assess the excess risks of child mortality associated with child-bearing too early or with short intervals between births. The second part used multivariate analysis in order to examine how far the differences observed are affected by a range of controls, such as mother's education, father's education, father's occupation, and place of residence. Results indicated that children born to mothers under age 18 are 46 percent more likely to die before age 5 than children born to mothers age 20 to 34 (similar to the earlier WFS); that children born less than 18 months after a previous birth are more than twice as likely to die as children born after a 2 to 4 year interval (this risk rate is similar to WFS results, although the incidence of such births has generally decreased); that maternal education appears to be a very powerful and pervasive correlate of child survival; and that for several countries there are striking indications of regional differences in child survival. (Contains 46 tables and 19 references.) (EV)
Descriptors: Birth Rate, Child Health, Contraception, Demography, Early Parenthood, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Infant Mortality, Policy Formation, Reproduction (Biology), Socioeconomic Influences
United Nations, Sales Section, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (Sales No. E.95.XIII.3).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Information Analyses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations, New York, NY. Population Div.