ERIC Number: ED400872
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jul-14
The Role of American Community Colleges in Building Community.
Taber, Lynn Sullivan
The American system of higher education consists of public and private institutions, of which there are three segments: universities, four-year institutions, and two-year colleges. Further, there are three types of two-year colleges: comprehensive community colleges, offering a broad array of programs and services; junior colleges, focusing on transfer courses that apply to degree programs at four-year institutions; and vocational/technical colleges that focus on certificates or degrees or are a part of tech-prep programs. While institutional mission statements vary, the themes of meeting community needs and creating a dynamic, prosperous community appear in many two-year college missions. However, the familial, educational, and social foundations of civil society are currently in crisis, as evidenced by rising divorce rates, low reading rates of minority children, increasing amounts of television watched by school children, and increasing numbers of young people held in juvenile facilities. Specific examples of community colleges working to solve these problems and build community include a child development/child care center at New Mexico's Albuquerque Technical-Vocational Institute; a science, engineering, and mathematics academy for underrepresented students and a center for applied gerontology at Ohio's Cuyahoga Community College; a mentoring program for at-risk middle school students developed by Oregon's Chemeketa Community College; and a program to enable citizens to participate in community planning at Florida Community College at Jacksonville. (Contains 20 references.) (HAA)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the 1996 Communitarian Summit (Geneva, Switzerland, July 14, 1996).