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ERIC Number: ED400684
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr-23
Reference Count: N/A
Improving Student Higher Order Thinking Skills through the Use of Graphic Organizers.
DeWispelaere, Christi; Kossack, Julie
A program designed to improve higher-order thinking skills in secondary school students of Spanish as a second language is reported. Deficiency in higher order thinking was documented through teacher-constructed tests, students' oral presentations in Spanish, teacher observation journals, and student reflection logs. Analysis showed the students lacked knowledge, practice, and transfer of higher order skills, regardless of the skills being taught in isolation or integrated into the curriculum. The intervention used in this project centered on use of graphic organizers, or mental maps presented in visual form that represent key skills such as sequencing, comparing and contrasting, and classifying. Appropriate graphic organizers were selected for the course content and used in instruction and testing, and students were provided with feedback. Students also developed their own graphic organizers and used them in new situations. Improvement in student performance was first noted in written quizzes and tests, and later in organization of student projects and improved student behavior. It is concluded that graphic organizers can be incorporated into second language instruction easily and effectively. Materials and supporting documentation are appended. Contains 31 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Masters Theses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Master's Thesis, Saint Xavier University.