ERIC Number: ED400635
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Disability in the United States: Prevalence and Causes, 1992. Disability Statistics Report 7.
LaPlante, Mitchell P.; Carlson, Dawn
This report presents, in text and 13 tables, data obtained from 128,412 paricipants in the 1992 National Health Interview Survey concerning the prevalence of disability, as measured by limitation in activity caused by chronic health disorders, injuries, and impairments. Prevalence estimates are presented in tables for various population subgroups, characterized by gender, age, race and Hispanic ethnicity, education level, family income level, poverty status, marital status, region, metropolitan status, presence of telephone in household, and chronic health condition. The prevalence of limitations in activity, work, self-care, and school is examined, followed by analysis of the conditions causing the limitations, such as visual impairments, paralysis, infectious diseases, congenital anomalies, injury, etc. Some highlights of the data presented in this report include: (1) Of the total U.S. non-institutionalized population, in 1992, 15 percent, or 37.7 million people report some activity limitation due to chronic health conditions; (2) Of the total population aged 5 and older, 4 percent, or about 9.2 million people, report some need for help in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) or Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL); (3) Of all children and adolescents aged 5-17, 3.2 percent, or 1.5 million persons, attend special schools or classes; (4) Females report a higher number of activity limiting conditions than males; and (5) Of all conditions reported to cause activity limitation, heart disease ranks first, followed by back disorders, arthritis, orthopedic impairments of the lower extremity, and asthma. (Contains 20 references.) (CR)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., San Francisco. Inst. for Health and Aging.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Health Interview Survey