ERIC Number: ED400448
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Job Growth and the Quality of Jobs in the U.S. Economy. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper 95-39.
Houseman, Susan N.
The literature on employment growth in the United States and selected industrialized countries and the wage, benefits, and job security characteristics of new and existing jobs were analyzed to determine how job growth and quality in the United States during the 1980s and 1990s compares to that in other industrialized countries. Among the study's main findings were the following: (1) although job growth has been greater in the United States than in most other industrialized countries, only 20-30% of the differential in employment rates between the United States and European countries during the 1980s is accounted for by cross-country differences in unemployment rate trends; (2) not all groups benefited from the strong job growth in the United States in the 1980s (for example, rates of unemployment/labor force nonparticipation among less-educated prime-age men have increased significantly); (3) although a disproportionate number of new jobs were added in high-paying occupations in 1988-93, 20% of net new jobs were added in occupations at the bottom of the earnings distribution; and (4) the biggest deterioration in job quality in the United States has been due to deteriorating wages and benefits across a broad spectrum of new and existing jobs. (Contains 39 references.) (MN)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Developed Nations, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Factors, Employment Level, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Income, Job Development, Literature Reviews, Quality of Working Life, Salary Wage Differentials, Tables (Data), Trend Analysis, Unemployment
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Germany; Japan; United Kingdom; United States