ERIC Number: ED400409
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Rehabilitation. VA Continues to Place Few Disabled Veterans in Jobs. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Education, Training, Employment, and Housing, Committee on Veterans' Affairs, House of Representatives.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Since the 1940s, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has provided training to veterans with service-connected disabilities to help improve their employability. A review of the program, legislation, regulations, and operating procedures and an analysis of program data and visits to regional offices and rehabilitation agencies in four locations were conducted to determine the success of the program in placing veterans in jobs, as mandated by 1980 legislation. Some of the results of the study were the following: (1) the program has rehabilitated about 8 percent of the approximately 74,000 veterans found eligible for vocational rehabilitation services over the last 5 years, whereas about 50 percent of the eligible veterans continued to receive program services; (2) the program continues to send veterans primarily to training and does not focus on employment services; (3) only about one in four veterans in the program has a serious employment handicap; (4) a review of 100 case files showed an average of $20,000 spent on each veteran who gained employment and about $10,000 on each program dropout; (5) more than half the total costs of rehabilitation services consisted of payments to veterans to cover their basic living expenses; (6) a comparison of state vocational rehabilitation programs over the last 5 years showed that state agencies rehabilitated 37 percent of the approximately 2.6 million individuals eligible for vocational rehabilitation program services, whereas about 31 percent continued to receive program services; (7) the state agencies provide a wide range of rehabilitative services and a majority of the program participants had severe disabilities; and (8) the state agencies spent, on average, about $4,000 on each client who achieved employment and about $2,000 on each client who dropped out of the program. The VA is currently trying to improve programs in order to increase the number of veterans who obtain suitable employment. (Appendixes include scope and methodology, comments from the VA, and a list of major contributors.) (KC)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Employment Services, Job Placement, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, State Programs, Veterans, Veterans Education, Vocational Rehabilitation
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.