ERIC Number: ED400364
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Risk and Protective Factors for Drug Use among Latino Boys and Girls.
Felix-Ortiz, Maria; Newcomb, Michael D.
Risk and protective factor indices were developed to examine vulnerability to drug use among Latino high school students. Survey data was collected from 516 Latino 9th and 10th grade youth in the Los Angeles (California) area. Frequency and quantity of use data were collected for a range of drugs including inhalants, cocaine, and other hard drugs. Seventeen variables were examined for inclusion in a risk factor index (RFI) or protective factor index (PFI). The RFI consisted of low educational aspirations, perceived lack of opportunities, deviant acts, perceived community tolerance of drugs, perceived adult and peer drug use, perceived drug availability, and history of at least one suicide attempt. The PFI consisted of high emotional support, law abidance, religiosity, low emotional distress, self-acceptance, perceived parent and family support, perceived drug harmfulness, and negative history of sexual or physical abuse. Bivariate, multivariate, and structural equation models were used in the analyses. All of the variables except one were uniquely risk-inducing for these Latino youth. However, as a group, the PFI predicted several types of drug use for boys and girls. The epidemiological model is useful in beginning to understand the effects of multiple factors on drug use among Latino youth. (Contains 8 tables and 43 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California (Los Angeles)