ERIC Number: ED400332
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Feb
Choice among Essay Topics: Impact on Performance and Validity.
Bridgeman, Brent; And Others
This study assessed the ability of high school advanced placement history students to choose the essay topic on which they can get the highest score. A second, equally important, question was whether the score on the chosen topic was more highly related to other indicators of proficiency in history than the score on the unchosen topic. Overall, for both U.S. and European history, scores were about one-third of a standard deviation higher for the preferred topic than for the other topic. For U.S. history, about 32% of the students made the wrong choice; that is, 32% got a higher score on the other topic than on the preferred topic. In European history, 29% made the wrong choice. In the U.S. history sample, the preferred essay correlated 0.40 with an external criterion score versus 0.34 for the other essay. In the European history sample, the preferred essay correlated 0.52 with the external criterion compared to 0.44 for the other topic. An appendix presents the U.S. and European history standard topics. (Contains four figures, five tables, and five references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Advanced Placement Examinations (CEEB)