ERIC Number: ED400209
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Eighth-Grade Mathematics and Science Teaching, Learning, Curriculum, and Achievement in International Context. Initial Findings from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
Peak, Lois; And Others
The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is the largest, most comprehensive, and most rigorous international comparison of education ever undertaken. During the 1995 school year, the study tested the mathematics and science knowledge of a half-million students from 41 nations at five different grade levels. In addition to tests and questionnaires, the TIMSS included a curriculum analysis, videotaped observations of mathematics classrooms, and case studies of policy issues. This report on eighth-grade students is one of a series of reports that will also present findings on student achievement at fourth-grade level, at the end of high school, as well as on various other topics. The report combines the major findings from each of the five parts of the study into a single story about U.S. eighth-grade mathematics and science achievement in a comparative perspective. Chapter 1 draws from the results of the student assessments to describe how U.S. students perform in mathematics and science. Succeeding chapters focus on factors which may have an important influence on achievement, and describe how our nation's schools, teachers, and students compare to those in other countries. Chapter 2 examines educational standards and the curriculum, based on data from the curriculum analysis, case studies, videotape study, and questionnaires. Chapter 3 focuses on how teachers actually teach the curriculum, drawing from results of the videotape study and questionnaires. Chapter 4 examines the working life of teachers, based on findings from the case studies and questionnaires. Chapter 5 describes the lives of students, both in and out of school, based upon case study and questionnaire data. The conclusions at the end of the report look across all of the findings for insights about factors associated with student performance and indicate questions for further study. (JRH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Educational Strategies, Global Approach, Grade 8, Junior High Schools, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Teachers, Observation, Questionnaires, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Science Teachers, Teaching Methods
World-Wide Web: http://www.ed.gov/NCES/timss
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.; Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC. Office of Reform Assistance and Dissemination.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study