ERIC Number: ED400153
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Adult Education in Assisting Sustainable Development in Remote Area Dwellers of Botswana.
Mutanyatta, Johannes N. S.
This paper describes the characteristics of Botswana's remote area dwellers (RADs) and the government's related rural development policies. RADS live a nomadic lifestyle, live outside the traditional village structure far from basic services, rely heavily on hunting and gathering, have low levels of literacy and little access to education, and frequently speak a language other than the national language. In 1989, an estimated 24,800 RADs lived in approximately 131 small scattered settlements. The government's Accelerated Remote Area Development Programme encourages RAD participation in various economic activities: agriculture, hunting and wildlife management, food processing, livestock production, beekeeping, salt production, and marketing of handicrafts and food products. All these activities require training. Only 33 schools and 24 health posts are located in RAD districts. A household survey in one village containing a primary school and an adult literacy program revealed that of a total population of 1,254 persons, 828 were enrolled in school or the National Literacy Programme (NLP) or had completed NLP. No secondary education was available, indicating the need for appropriate correspondence education or other distance education. In four other remote areas, 86 percent of respondents had no schooling or exposure to NLP. At present, the following educational programs are available via correspondence or radio broadcast: primary, secondary, and higher education programming; farmers' broadcasts; health education; adult literacy; women's development concerns; conservation of natural resources; and general economic and social issues. (SV)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Botswana