ERIC Number: ED400136
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Reference Count: N/A
Child Care and Child Safety for Farm Children in Manitoba. RDI Report Series 1994-7.
Brockman, Lois M.
A Manitoba survey examined child care use, child safety concerns, and parents' on-farm and off-farm work to determine the needs of farm families for child care services. Of 972 questionnaires mailed to Manitoba farm residences, 121 were returned by respondents who were actively farming and living on a farm with at least one child younger than 16 years. Most husbands and wives were full-time farmers; 19 percent of husbands and 35 percent of wives were regularly employed off the farm. Farm help was hired by 55 percent of respondents, mostly on a seasonal basis. Responding families included 294 children under age 16 (76 percent under 13). Child care was used regularly by 21 percent of families and was used during peak farm times (such as seeding or harvest time) by 55 percent. Child care was provided mostly by relatives, followed by older siblings and nonrelatives, but was never provided by a day care center. Alternatives to child care for 64 percent of farm families were to take the children along or to leave them alone while parents worked on the farm. In general, the greatest concerns for children's safety on farms related to augers, power take-off equipment, farm chemicals, and large machinery. Safety concerns varied with the number of hours parents worked on the farm and children's ages. Parents indicated the youngest age at which children could participate in various farm activities. Child care support preferred by farm families was either a caregiver in the farm home or hired farm help to free the wife for child care. Recommendations outline a model for rural child care services. Appendices elaborate on the model and include the survey questionnaire. (Author/SV)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Child Safety, Child Welfare, Children, Day Care, Employed Women, Farm Labor, Farmers, Foreign Countries, Parent Attitudes, Rural Areas, Rural Family, Rural Farm Residents, Rural Women, Surveys
Rural Development Institute, Brandon University, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada R7A 6A9 ($10.70).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manitoba Dept. of Rural Development, Winnipeg.
Authoring Institution: Brandon Univ. (Manitoba). Rural Development Inst.
Identifiers - Location: Canada