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ERIC Number: ED400118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Aug-13
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Gender in the Behavioral Basis of Children's Sociometric Status Evaluations.
Cillessen, Antonius H. N.; And Others
This study compared the sociometric status of boys and girls and investigated the role of various social behaviors in determining the peer status of boys and girls. Participants were 835 fourth graders from eight elementary schools serving a lower- to lower middle-class population. An unlimited nominations procedure was used in the fall and spring; children nominated peers in their grade for each of the following items: (1) liked most: (2) liked least; (3) starts fights; (4) gets in trouble; (5) someone you hang around with; (6) is a leader; and (7) plays alone and stays away from others. The number of nominations received for each child for each criterion was counted and standardized within grade. Results indicated that boys were twice as likely to be rejected and half as likely to be popular as girls. Girls were more likely to be neglected and less likely to be controversial than boys. Sixty percent of the children retained their peer status from fall to spring. Boys received higher scores for aggression and getting in trouble, and lower scores for being a prosocial leader and being withdrawn than girls. From fall to spring, antisocial behaviors increased for boys and prosocial behaviors increased for girls. Being a leader and staying away from peers were stronger determinants of social preference for boys than for girls, whereas low leadership and high stay-away scores were stronger determinants for low social preference for boys than for girls. (Six tables and 5 figures illustrate the findings.) (KDFB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A