ERIC Number: ED400086
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Development and Piloting of the Prosocial Attitude Blank.
Wasson, Rebecca; And Others
The Prosocial Attitude Blank (PAB) was designed to assess interpersonal values and ethical awareness of elementary school children. PAB was administered to 405 elementary students as one component of the evaluation of an intervention program designed to reduce interpersonal conflicts, increase literacy skills, and enhance children's ethical behaviors. PAB's conceptual model synthesized contemporary thinking on social helping behaviors. The instrument contained five "pretend" situations involving varying relationships to persons-in-distress: self, sibling, friend, unknown peer, and unseen other of nonspecific age. Students were asked what they would do, and their reason for the action, in an open-ended format. Potential costs of ameliorating distress were not stated in the instrument's items; instead, students were allowed to project costs as reasons for their actions. Pilot findings suggested that prosocial development might be more complex than previously believed. Rather than considering children's ethical awareness and behaviors in terms of developmental sequences across situations, it might be more appropriate to consider them in terms of changing contextual factors in children's understanding of their world and relationships therein. (Contains 9 references.) (Author/BGC)
Descriptors: Aggression, Child Behavior, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Style, Ethical Instruction, Ethics, Family Environment, Friendship, Helping Relationship, Interpersonal Relationship, Moral Development, Moral Values, Peer Relationship, Prosocial Behavior, Risk, Social Behavior, Social Development, Social Values, Values
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Memphis State Univ., TN. Center for Research in Educational Policy.
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Does Not Meet Evidence Standards
WWC Study Page: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/study/64541
IES Cited: ED493441